IATEFL 2018: Spotlight on creative drama – bringing stories to life
Since last Thursday I’ve been teaching cartoon story lessons with my groups. You may want to try this lesson with your classes, so here’s what we did. If you do try it, please do let me know how it goes down!
I asked the SS (students) to work in pairs and take out their notebooks and pens. I drew a three-panel cartoon strip on the whiteboard (as in the image above). I deliberately chose something simple, with some drama (the “shocked” character in the middle) and some action (the character leaving). The SS were intrigued – to varying degrees! I drew the speech bubbles and asked the SS to think of the story and write the dialogue for the four speech bubbles. I encouraged them to consider:
- the characters
- their relationship
- the situation
- the expressions of the characters and what emotions they signified
After a few lessons I banned the students from using the topic of romance/love/relationships for their dialogues. Some SS asked “Why?” and I said, “Because it’s too easy.” The comic strip is rather leading in that direction. Many SS from the first groups used relationship tropes – as in “I’m leaving you…!” or “I’m pregnant! And it’s yours…!” – so when the SS had to think of something else they had to work harder, e.g. making the relationship between the characters daughter/father, brother/sister, student/teacher, customer/shop assistant, and so on, rather than romantic partners. This worked much better.
SS worked in pairs or, exceptionally, threes. After about ten minutes each pair came to the front to read out – or act out – their dialogues. (This was the presentation part.) Then I introduced the second exercise of the 45-minute lesson: I drew a series of three blank panels on the board and asked the SS to draw their own comic strip, with dialogue, and with a given topic – in the example above, Crime.
The SS had until the end of the lesson to complete this work. I monitored and checked the pairs (and threes) and collected in the work to mark it. The picture below, by Ola and Ania and reproduced here with their kind permission, was one of the best examples of SS’s work, from a class of 15 year-olds. In this case I had given the SS keywords to include in their comic, rather than a topic.
- Continue the story with further panels…
- Write the next part of the story…
- Use the same comic strip, but change the dialogue.
- Use the same dialogue, but change the pictures.
- I used this lesson with almost all of my eighteen groups this week, and it evolved over the course of the week. I had started off using an A4 handout with a much longer comic strip, which the SS had to complete and then present to the class. The strip in my picture above was, to begin with, just the warmer. Over time, I realised that 45 minutes wasn’t enough time to do everything and we were getting bogged down in spelling and grammar with the longer comic strip. My job is to get them talking, after all, not writing in class.
- The concept of the lesson – writing and drawing comic strips – was engaging for most of the SS, even some of those who had been harder to engage in previous lessons, which was a nice surprise. It was a fun lesson with each group.
- Neither you the teacher nor the SS need to be able to draw well to pull off this lesson. The goal is to get the SS speaking and doing the presentations. The artwork does not have to be pro standard! (See my example with stick people, above.)
- It was great to do a lesson without any photocopying – once I’d ditched the original idea for the lesson. The lesson was easy to deliver, with no preparation and minimal resources: just a board and pens or chalk. The resulting work was easy to mark and give feedback on.
- We were also able to explore topics like using humour in the cartoons and using our imaginations.
- Some of the pairs tried to pass off very short dialogues, along the lines of “Hi!” “What?” “Don’t leave!” “Bye!” I didn’t accept these and asked them to redo it. A few of the pairs didn’t feel like producing anything.
- Some students complained about their lack of creativity. One very bright fourteen year-old guy, with a good level of English, said: “But I’m not creative! What would you do?” I replied: “I would try my best.” The problem was that he was not prepared to try. In the end, he refused to do the activity, so he ended up with some extra written homework.
- There’s a danger that this lesson becomes about writing skills and grammar/vocabulary, with dictionaries out in full force, when what I wanted most of all was to hear the SS speak.
- There are still significant (I think) issues with the SS using L1 during the preparations stages and not listening to each other’s presentations. I got fed up with saying “OK! Listen, please!” before each presentation.
- Some of the SS’s work was a bit, well, boring. Their story might be: “Let’s go to the shop.” “OK. I need to buy some bread.” At the shop: they buy the bread. Result: “Let’s have a sandwich!” “OK!” I encouraged them to include drama or humour in their stories by inserting a problem into the situation: “Let’s go to the shop.” “OK. I need to buy some bread.” At the shop: “Hey! The shopkeeper has overcharged us!” Or, at the shop: “Oh no! The shopkeeper is a dolphin!” … and so on.
Her Own Worst Enemy by Alice Savage is published by Alphabet Publishing on 28th March 2018. You can find out more and pre-order copies here: http://www.alphabetpublishingbooks.com/book/her-own-worst-enemy/
Founder of Alphabet Publishing, Walton Burns, told us about this new release:
Her Own Worst Enemy by Alice Savage is a unique book. It’s a complete month-long module built around an original one-act play. As students prepare to produce the play, they will do readings on the theme: choosing a science or a liberal arts career. They will discuss what skills will be needed in the future.
‘And, because a play is written to be spoken out loud, it’s a great source of material for teaching speaking skills. As students practice the lines, they will also practice real communication skills and the “hidden” language of pragmatics-the verbal and non-verbal strategies we use to express meaning, which are different in every language and culture. As teachers, we rarely get materials that explicitly target these communication strategies. In Her Own Worst Enemy, characters use persuasive techniques such as wearing someone down, appealing to emotion, and drawing someone out. They’ll learn how to express excitement and frustration and even ambivalence.
‘There are a variety of suggestions and instructions for producing the play from reader’s theatre to a full-blown production. Of course, putting on a play is a huge accomplishment that can engage students. Finally there are follow-up activities such as an audience talkback, a mini-debate, and a research paper.
‘And the play itself is very relatable. Aida is a bright student in her last year of high school. She wants to pursue a major in science and get a useful career in the medical field. However, there is a catch: Aida is also a talented actress. When her performance in a school play catches the attention of a professor at a famous performing arts college, Aida’s friends and relatives are excited about the opportunity for her to study there. But is that the future Aida wants?
Her Own Worst Enemy, the first book in the Integrated Skills Through Drama series, can be a creative project to insert in your curriculum. Or a way to teach too-often neglected communication skills. It’s also an exciting and innovative way to introduce a unit on careers in the future. Alan Maley wrote, “Drama in the performance of texts is one of the most compelling of language learning resources…This book offers a wealth of preparatory activities, suggestions for varied ways of using the text and helpful suggestions for follow-up.”
Get more information at http://www.alphabetpublishingbooks.com/book/her-own-worst-enemy.
Get your students writing and performing with our brand new free printable worksheets and the accompanying free podcast!
Listen and download the free MP3 lesson: Story Planning – My Life Without… (14 MB, Google Drive)
This fun and multifaceted writing activity includes story planning, writing an article or story for a newspaper or magazine, grammar practice in the form of writing wh-questions and yes/no questions, and also group work with students creating, producing, performing, and peer-assessing role plays based on the original stories!
Download the free worksheets below and get your students to use their imaginations on the topic of My Life Without…Story Planning - My Life Without...
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