True, False, or Unknown?


T or SS find a suitable text. Choose a text that is interesting for you and your students, and at a level that will challenge them, i.e. just above their current level. You might want to adapt the text, e.g. you could make it easier by changing harder words for synonyms and deleting harder sentences. The text could be:

  • from a real source of English, e.g. a newspaper, book, leaflet
  • one that a group has created, e.g. in a Mode 1 class
  • one that an individual SS has written
  • one that T has written


1. SS work in pairs or small groups. They think of 10-15 (or fewer) true, false, or unknown statements based on the text and write them down neatly. True statements are statements about the text that are true; false statements are statements about the text that are false, and unknown statements are statements that could be either true or false, but the information is not given in the text. See example in Talk a Lot Elementary Book 3, p.175. SS should write an equal number of the different types of statement and mix them up in a random order. T monitors, checks, and corrects.

2. SS swap their list of statements with another pair or group, who then write down their answers (T, F, or U) and pass the paper back to the original SS.

3. SS read and correct the answers where necessary, before passing the paper back to the previous group and giving verbal feedback where appropriate.

4. Group feedback: T elicits some examples of statements and answers from SS, eliciting corrections for any errors.


  • It is important that SS mix up the order of statements – T, F, or U – or the activity will be far too easy!
  • This is a nice activity to get SS used to giving peer correction.
  • This activity is time and level flexible! The more time you have, the more statements SS could write – and vice versa. Also, the higher the level, the more statements SS could write – and vice versa.
  • This is a good way for SS to get an insight into the writing of the traditional course book, and they might feel encouraged that they can do part of the process themselves, rather than relying on a course book writer.