Lesson 5.0 Introduction

Lesson 5.0 Introduction

Food Vocabulary – What should we eat every day – and how much?

5.0.1  This unit is called Food and Drink. We are going to learn about the following topics:

  1. Singular and Plural Nouns
  2. The Schwa Sound
  3. Countable and Uncountable Nouns
  4. Modal Verbs
  5. Food and Drink at Home
  6. Future Simple and Future Continuous
  7. Connected Speech


Ex. 5.0.1 Speaking and Listening  Discuss the following questions with a partner or small group:

Food and Drink

Ex. 5.0.2 Writing  Here are 40 words connected with the topic of Food and Drink. Translate them into your first language and learn them:

  1. milk_________________
  2. carrot_________________
  3. rice_________________
  4. soup_________________
  5. orange_________________
  6. bread_________________
  7. tomato_________________
  8. banana_________________
  9. pizza_________________
  10. mineral water_____________
  11. fruit_________________
  12. cereal_________________
  13. meal_________________
  14. sausage_________________
  15. potato_________________
  16. wine_________________
  17. crisps_________________
  18. cheese_________________
  19. lemonade________________
  20. lamb_________________
  21. onion_________________
  22. nut_________________
  23. butter_________________
  24. fruit juice_________________
  25. meat_________________
  26. chocolate________________
  27. fish_________________
  28. flour_________________
  29. vegetable________________
  30. chicken_________________
  31. apple_________________
  32. egg_________________
  33. pie_________________
  34. chips_________________
  35. food_________________
  36. pasta_________________
  37. strawberry________________
  38. water_________________
  39. beef_________________
  40. mushroom______________

Ex. 5.0.3 Speaking and Listening  Work with a partner or small group. Study the vocabulary above, then think of some real-life situations where you could use the following functions, then create short dialogues or role plays based on the topic of Food and Drink:

  • predict
  • promise
  • arrange
  • choose

Ex. 5.0.4 Writing  Look at the picture below. Write the name of each item in English, then translate the word into your language. Use a suitable determiner, for example: 1. some sweetcorn:

Ex. 5.0.5 Writing  Look at the picture below. Write the name of each item in English, then translate the word into your language. Use a suitable determiner, for example: 1. a kiwi fruit:

Ex. 5.0.6 Reading  Choose the item of food in each list. Use a dictionary to find words that you don’t know:

1. a) cake b) Argentina c) football d) read
2. a) lesson b) biscuit c) trumpet d) James
3. a) foot b) Manchester United c) nurse d) spaghetti
4. a) boy b) ice-cream c) really d) fog
5. a) taxi b) banana c) next week d) actor
6. a) toast b) helpful c) jacket d) obvious
7. a) today b) fish c) nice d) pavement
8. a) snowman b) feel c) crisps d) daughter
9. a) potato b) swim c) fair d) blue
10. a) happy b) eat c) sausage d) washing up liquid

Ex. 5.0.7 Reading  Choose the vegetable in each list. Use a dictionary to find words that you don’t know:

1. a) hospital b) school c) carrot d) doctor
2. a) January b) aubergine c) walk d) bedroom
3. a) cupboard b) alcohol c) opinion d) potato
4. a) dog b) pepper c) summer d) although
5. a) bathroom b) stationary c) go d) cauliflower
6. a) tomato b) Star Wars c) Africa d) cold
7. a) rose b) cucumber c) Coke d) mechanic
8. a) see b) peace c) onion d) goalkeeper
9. a) books b) green beans c) digital camera d) orange
10. a) television b) especially c) eat d) cabbage

Ex. 5.0.8 Reading  Each of the snacks or drinks below belong to one of the following categories – choose which one:

  • hot beverages
  • sandwiches
  • soft drinks
  • hot snacks
  • crisps and sweets
  • cakes and biscuits

1. egg and cress
2. muffin
3. hot chocolate
4. ready salted
5. flapjack
6. cheese and pickle
7. fresh apple juice
8. bacon roll
9. chicken salad
10. mineral water
11. salt and vinegar
12. quarter pounder with cheese
13. pot of tea
14. jelly babies
15. homemade scone
16. diet cola
17. BLT (bacon, lettuce and tomato)
18. scrambled egg on toast
19. cappuccino
20. milk chocolate bar

Ex. 5.0.9 Spelling  Write these words in alphabetical order. Have a look in your dictionary for
words that you don’t know:

orange juice
baked beans
broad beans

Ex. 5.0.10 Reading  Read the information page below, then answer the questions that follow. Write all numbers using words rather than figures, for example: six pounds fifty pence not £6.50:

5.0.3-using -numbers-at-the-chinese-restaurant-information-page

1. How much does it cost to order number sixty-two and number one
hundred and eighty-nine?
2. What time does the restaurant close on Thursdays?
3. What is the most expensive dish?
4. What number is it and how much is it?
5. What is the phone number of the restaurant?
6. How much does it cost to order number forty-five with numbers one
hundred and eighty-nine, and one hundred and ninety-one?
7. How long is the restaurant open for on a Monday?
8. What is the cheapest rice noodle dish and how much does it cost?
9. How much is number one hundred and ninety?
10. Which fried rice dish costs four pounds?
11. How much does it cost to order two number thirty-eights, with one
number sixty-two, and three one hundred and nineties?
12. How much does it cost to order three number fifty-sevens, five of
number forty, with six portions of bean sprouts and one portion of
prawn crackers?
13. What is the address of the restaurant?
14. What is the cheapest way to have something from each category?
15. How many hours per week would you work if you worked every day
except Sundays?

Ex. 5.0.11  Reading – The Great Big Yellow Banana Quiz – Fun Facts about Bananas 1. How much do you know about the world’s favourite yellow-skinned fruit? Try your luck with our absolutely bananas multi-choice fun quiz!

1. Bananas are a type of…
a) vegetable. b) fruit. c) potato. d) meat.

2. Bananas are an excellent source of…
a) sodium. b) oxygen. c) potassium. d) magnesium.

3. Complete the gap: “Bananas are the _________ -selling food item in British
a) biggest b) lowest c) most d) least

4. The total amount of bananas grown in the world is around…
a) 18 million tons. b) 28 million tons. c) 38 million tons. d) 48 million tons.

5. True or false – hundreds of years ago, bananas contained lots of seeds…
a) true b) false

6. The biggest producer of bananas in South America is…
a) Ecuador. b) Colombia. c) Bolivia. d) Brazil.

7. The best climate for growing bananas is…
a) wet and windy. b) cold and wet. c) warm and dry. d) hot and humid.

8. Complete the gap: “One medium-sized banana contains around _________
a) 55 b) 110 c) 205 d) 300

9. The word “banana” comes from…
a) a Greek word meaning “yellow”. b) a French word meaning “to hang”.
c) an Arabic word meaning “finger”. d) a Polynesian word meaning “long”.

10. How many bananas do the British eat every year?
a) over 200,000 b) over 1 million c) over 100 million d) over 5 billion

Ex. 5.0.12  Reading – The Great Big Yellow Banana Quiz – Fun Facts about Bananas 2. How much do you know about the world’s favourite yellow-skinned fruit? Try your luck with our absolutely bananas multi-choice fun quiz!

1. True or false – the banana plant is not really a tree, but the largest herb in the world…
a) true b) false

2. Which one of these sentences is true…?
a) bananas are high in potassium and low in fibre
b) bananas are high in potassium and low in vitamins
c) bananas are high in calories and low in fibre
d) bananas are high in fibre and high in potassium

3. How many natural sugars does one banana contain?
a) one b) two c) three d) four

4. Bananas are a favourite snack among athletes because…
a) they are a fun colour.
b) they contain a lot of sugar.
c) they provide plenty of vitamins, minerals and energy.
d) they can easily fit into an athlete’s bag or pocket.

5. True or false – bananas help the brain to produce the mood-enhancing chemical serotonin,
making those who eat them a happier bunch of people…!
a) true b) false

6. Wild bananas were originally found in…
a) Australia. b) Africa. c) Asia. d) Antarctica.

7. Complete the gap: “Some supermarkets sell __________ bananas, which are bought
directly from the growers, at a fair price and with no ‘middle-man’.”
a) Realworld b) Fairtrade c) cheap and delicious d) organic

8. The UK banana trade is now worth…
a) over £40 million. b) over £60 million. c) over £400 million. d) over £600 million.

9. The Italian explorer Marco Polo enjoyed bananas when he travelled to Asia in the…
a) 1280’s. b) 1380’s. c) 1580’s. d) 1880’s.

10. How much fat does a normal 100 gram banana contain?
a) half a gram b) two grams c) nine grams d) twelve grams

Ex. 5.0.13  Reading – The Great Big Yellow Banana Quiz – Fun Facts about Bananas 3. How much do you know about the world’s favourite yellow-skinned fruit? Try your luck with our absolutely bananas multi-choice fun quiz!

1. What colour are ripe bananas?
a) yellow b) white c) green d) red

2. What colour are unripe bananas?
a) green b) orange c) yellow d) red

3. Complete the gap – “The most popular type of banana in the world is called the
__________ variety.”
a) Regal b) Cavendish c) Brazilian d) Atlantic

4. Eating bananas is a good way to help you stop…
a) drinking. b) sleeping. c) smoking. d) chewing.

5. The banana is a relative of which fruit?
a) the coconut b) the pear c) the mango d) the plantain

6. Most banana plants will grow to a height of between…
a) 5-10 feet tall. b) 15-30 feet tall. c) 35-45 feet tall. d) 45-60 feet tall.

7. The first refrigerated commercial consignment of bananas arrived in Britain in…
a) 1876. b) 1901. c) 1924. d) 1946.

8. A group of bananas growing together is commonly known as…
a) a clump. b) a pocket. c) a bunch. d) a fist.

9. True or false – bananas can be used to make health products and medicines…
a) true b) false

10. Bananas contain no…
a) vitamins. b) fibre. c) cholesterol. d) natural sugars.

Ex. 5.0.14 Speaking and Listening  Discuss the following questions with a partner or small group:

  1. What is fast food? Do you like fast food? Does fast food satisfy you? Why? / Why not? What are the pros and cons of fast food? Is pizza fast food? Why? / Why not?
  2. Do you live near a fast food restaurant? How often do you use it? What’s the difference between a fast food restaurant and a normal restaurant? Was there fast food 100 years ago? How did people manage without it?
  3. Do we need fast food? What does it offer that other kinds of food cannot?
  4. How do fast food chains impact on the environment? Consider:
  • land
  • agriculture
  • animals
  • transport
  • warehousing
  • energy
  • water
  • pollution

What is their carbon footprint, compared to other kinds of business? What are fast food chains doing to reduce their carbon footprint / impact on the environment?

  1. How many fast food restaurants are there… a) in your town, b) in your country, c) in the world?
  2. Why does the human body crave sugar and fat? Is it possible to be addicted to fast food? What happens if we avoid junk food?
  3. How many solar panels does it take to power one fast food restaurant?
  4. Do you think the world would be a better place with more people and fewer trees? Why? / Why not? Is it a good thing that hot food is always freely available in our society? Has it always been that way? Is that true in every society?
  5. Should there be stricter rules for corporations when it comes to impacting on the environment?
  6. Which is better: localism or globalism? Why? What are the pros and cons of each?
  7. Do humans need to eat meat… a) more than once a day, b) every day, c) every week, d) at all? Why?
  8. Have vegetarians or vegans got it right when it comes to the environment? Why? / Why not? Have you ever seen a fast food outlet selling only healthy food? Would it be possible?
  9. Would you like to work for a fast food chain? Why? What kind of salary would you receive?
  10. Is deforestation ever a positive thing? Why? / Why not?
  11. What is the difference between fast food and junk food?
  12. When you eat at a fast food chain, do you segregate your rubbish after your meal? Should customers have to work or should an employee do this? Should we be able to take our own crockery and cutlery to fast food restaurants, to dramatically cut down on waste paper, card, and plastic – or should dishwashers be used? What would be the added cost of that?
  13. Do fast food restaurants cause a litter problem? What can be done about it?
  14. Do you believe that recycling makes a difference to the environment? Why? / Why not? Why do we give our household recycling for free to companies which sell it to make a profit?

Ex. 5.0.15 Speaking and Listening  Discuss the following questions with a partner or small group:

1. Which option do you prefer and why?

2. What does the phrase carbon neutral mean? What is the cost of recycling? Is it carbon neutral?

3. What is a carbon footprint? Do you know yours? If yes, how did you found out? If not, why not? Do you think it is necessary to know? Why do some businesses have bigger carbon footprints?

4. Which companies consume the most resources in the world? Why do they do it? Do we need them to do so?

5. What is the connection between fast food and deforestation? What is the solution?

6. In the future, will we be able to grow meat in a lab? Will this solve the problem of cutting down trees in order to make farmland for animals that are destined to be eaten as fast food?

7. Why are some people apathetic when it comes to the environment?

8. Are wind turbines effective in generating enough green power – or are they rather a blot on the landscape?

9. What effect does fast food have on… a) our societies, b) our town centres, c) our waistlines, d) our health, e) our wallets, f) the weather?

10. Is fast food harmful? Why is it legal to buy products that are bad for you? Should it be illegal to sell harmful products? Why do fast food companies target children in particular?

11. Does fast food need to be the same (uniform) all over the world? Is it?

12. What’s the point of eating a healthy meal / salad at a fast food chain? Do you do that? Why?

13. Does fast food tell us anything about the decline in Western culture in the 21st century? What?

14. What would happen if half of the fast food restaurants in the world closed down voluntarily

15. Agree or disagree? ‘Why should I separate my rubbish at a fast food restaurant? I don’t want to feel like a member of staff. That’s their job! They should do it. I paid for my food.’

16. Why do people leave their used fast food wrappers in places of natural beauty, e.g. forests

17. What are the dangers of consuming too much… a) salt, b) sugar, c) fat, d) meat, e) caffeine

18. Agree or disagree? ‘You should never take more than you give.’ – Tim Rice, ‘Circle of Life’.

19. Agree or disagree? ‘When the last tree has been cut down, the last fish caught, the last river poisoned, only then will we realise that one cannot eat money.’ – Native American saying.

Ex. 5.0.16 Writing  Write a recipe for your favourite dish. Download and print the worksheet below (PDF):


Ex. 5.0.17 Related activities (PDF):

  • Read > Cover > Write > Check > Correct No. 6 – Food and Drink
  • Class Survey 1 – Food & Drink
  • Role Playing – Going Out: 1. Going to a café
  • Role Playing – Going Out: 3. Going to a fast food restaurant
  • Group Speaking Activity 1 – Create a Restaurant