Lesson 5.5 Food and Drink at Home

Lesson 5.5 Food and Drink at Home

In this lesson we talk about eating and drinking at home. Topics covered:

  • Meals and snacks
  • Kitchen vocabulary
  • Cooking verbs and nouns (collocations)
  • Food hygiene rules
  • Cooking sounds – onomatopoeia
  • Food and drink quantifiers
  • Special diets
  • Diet and fitness

Grab a dictionary or translator and get ready to learn lots of useful new vocabulary!

5.5.1 Meals and Snacks

Match the sentence halves:

  1. We have breakfast at __________.
  2. We have a mid-morning snack at __________.
  3. We have lunch at __________.
  4. We have a cup of tea and a biscuit at __________.
  5. We have dinner at __________.
  6. We have supper at __________.
  7. We have a snack __________.

a) whenever we feel a bit peckish!

b) one o’clock.

c) six o’clock in the evening.

d) about eleven o’clock.

e) eight o’clock at night.

f) seven o’clock in the morning.

g) about four o’clock in the afternoon.

5.5.2 Kitchen vocabulary 1

Look at the picture ‘Cooking at Home – Picture 1′:

Match the letters to a number on the vocabulary sheet below:

discussion-words-in-the-kitchen

5.5.3 Kitchen vocabulary 2

Look at the picture ‘Cooking at Home – Picture 2’:

Match the letters to a number on the vocabulary sheet above.

5.5.4 Kitchen vocabulary 3

Look at the vocabulary sheet above, then match the words into the following categories:

5.5.5 Cooking Verbs + Nouns (Collocations)

a) Write an appropriate noun after each cooking verb:

  1. chop e.g. a carrot
  2. stir _______________
  3. grate _______________
  4. peel _______________
  5. slice _______________
  6. heat _______________
  7. pour _______________
  8. grill _______________
  9. bake _______________
  10. cut _______________
  11. weigh _______________
  12. mix _______________
  13. fry _______________
  14. spread _______________
  15. chill _______________
  16. add _______________
  17. strain _______________
  18. beat _______________
  19. dice _______________
  20. melt _______________

See also the free worksheet Discussion Words – Cooking Verbs:

discussion-words-cooking-verbs

Find out how to use discussion words in the classroom with some great free lesson plans.

b) The following sentences from recipes contain an incorrect collocation. Correct them:

  1. Roast the cake in the oven. e.g. Bake the cake in the oven.
  2. Bake the sausages for twenty minutes.             ____________________________________
  3. Chill the bread in the fridge.             ____________________________________
  4. Peel the water with a sharp knife.             ____________________________________
  5. Dissolve 150 grams of butter in a pan.             ____________________________________
  6. Scramble the flour and sugar together.             ____________________________________
  7. Mash an egg until it’s soft and fluffy.             ____________________________________
  8. Dice the sauce and add to the bowl.             ____________________________________
  9. Sprinkle flour and knead two tomatoes.             ____________________________________
  10. Grate 100 grams of pepper.             ____________________________________
  11. Heat the oil and fry the orange juice.             ____________________________________
  12. Sprinkle the meat on top of the cake.             ____________________________________

5.5.6 Food Hygiene Rules 1

a) Write TRUE or FALSE next to each of the 15 food hygiene statements below: 

  1. You must not use food after its expiry date has passed.
  2. Never wash raw chicken, because it increases the risk of food poisoning.
  3. Don’t bother washing your hands before you begin to cook.
  4. Clean up as you work – keep the food preparation area as clean as possible at all times.
  5. Do not wear an apron or protective gloves on a Friday.
  6. Wash fruit and vegetables before using them.
  7. The ideal temperature of your fridge should be between -5 and 0 degrees Celsius (°C).
  8. If you have a cut on your skin, do not cover it with a plaster.
  9. Use a mop to clean the kitchen floor – never a tea towel or a kitchen sponge.
  10. You may smoke in or near a food preparation area after 8pm.
  11. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling raw meat.
  12. Keep raw and cooked foods separate at all times.
  13. Dispose of waste in a bin without a lid.
  14. If you have a cold, you may cough or sneeze over food.
  15. Never clean surface areas with an antibacterial spray.

b) Write the FALSE statements correctly.

5.5.7 Food Hygiene Rules 2

a) Write TRUE or FALSE next to each of the 15 food hygiene statements below:

  1. Do touch your face or other parts of the body while cooking.
  2. Wash your hands thoroughly while using the toilet.
  3. Switch off all equipment after use.
  4. Do not operate electrical equipment if you have wet hands.
  5. Wear a hairnet and if you have long hair, wear it up.
  6. Remember to store food at incorrect temperatures.
  7. Make sure that food is properly cooked before serving – especially meat.
  8. Always allow animals to enter the food preparation area.
  9. It is forbidden to defrost food in the fridge.
  10. Rotate food in the storeroom by expiry date, so the food closest to the date is at the front.
  11. Freeze any leftover food within two hours.
  12. Feel free to mess about in the kitchen.
  13. Do not pay attention to what you are doing at all times.
  14. Ensure that you do not have the correct ingredients before beginning to cook.
  15. You must not use the same chopping board for cutting meat and other kinds of food.

b) Write the FALSE statements correctly.

5.5.8 Cooking Sounds – Onomatopoeia

Complete the gaps:

5.5.9 Food and Drink Quantifiers

Complete the gaps with one of these words:

a) a ____________ of dark chocolate

b) a ____________ of orange juice

c) a ____________ of bread

d) a ____________ of milk

e) a ____________ of crisps

f) a ____________ of Rich Tea biscuits

g) a ____________ of strawberry jam

h) a ____________ of ham

i) a ____________ of cheese

j) a ____________ of bananas

k) a ____________ of cereal

l) a ____________ of Coke

m) a ____________ of water

n) a ____________ of olive oil

o) a ____________ of baked beans 

(See also Lesson 5.3.3 Countable and Uncountable Nouns.)

5.5.10 Special Diets

Complete each gap with one of these words:

  1. Frida is a __________ – she doesn’t eat meat or fish.
  2. Peter’s diet is __________ because he is coeliac.
  3. Paula is a __________ – she doesn’t eat any animal products.
  4. Alan has a __________, so he mustn’t eat products that contain nuts.
  5. Jacob eats __________ food, because he is Jewish.
  6. Cassie is a __________, so she eats mainly fruit, nuts and seeds.
  7. Amina eats __________ meat, because she is a Muslim.
  8. Bob is a __________ – he doesn’t eat meat but he eats fish.
  9. Alison has a __________ diet, because she is lactose-intolerant.
  10. Ronald follows the __________ diet because he wants to eat healthily, like his ancestors.

5.5.11 Diet and Fitness 1

a) Translate fifteen phrasal verbs connected with diet and fitness Read the dialogue then complete each gap with the correct form of one of the phrasal verbs:

Doreen is talking to her good friend Barbara at a bus stop:

Doreen: ‘You know, Bar, I just can’t seem to  1. _______________. It doesn’t matter what I do. I  2. _______________  for that gym in December, the one that I told you about, and I’ve been  3. _______________  there really intensively, you know, to try and  4. _______________  the calories – honest! – but it’s just no use. When I get home from work there’s my husband Bazza tucking into a lovely chicken sandwich, and I can’t help but join him. After that I might fill up on crisps and popcorn, then in the evening I’ll probably  5. _______________  a few more chicken sandwiches in the kitchen… It’s no wonder that I  6. _______________  weight, is it, Bar?’

Barbara: ‘I don’t know. Maybe you’re just big-boned. Do you still  7. _______________  at different restaurants every weekend?’

Doreen: ‘Yes, but I always mean to have the healthy option… You know, I can’t help wolfing down a delicious plate of chicken and chips and then  8. _______________  a huge cake for pudding.’

Barbara: ‘You know, you mustn’t pig out, Doreen! How many times do I need to tell you? It’s no good for your body. You know, you’ve got to cut back on your food, right, and  9. _______________  your calorific intake.’

Doreen: ‘You what, Bar?’

Barbara: ‘Try to  10. _______________  the fatty food and sweets for a few weeks, and  11. _______________  the crisps for good. Have you thought about  12. _______________  jogging? That would help you to  13. _______________ the calories in a controlled kind of way.’

Doreen: ‘I did try that once – with Bazza. We were exhausted after a few hundred metres and walked to the nearest pub, where we met some pals and  14. _______________  a few drinks – and the landlady  15. _______________  a fabulous chicken pie…!’

b) Find five more phrasal verbs connected with eating in the text. Translate them and write two sentences with each phrasal verb.

5.5.12 Diet and Fitness 2 

a) Translate twenty idioms and expressions below:

b) Read the text, then complete the gaps with one of these words:

[Robot voice:]

‘Thank you for your interest in the Slimotronic 2000™. If you want to  1. _______________  weight and   2. _______________  fit, you’re talking to the right robot! The Slimotronic 2000™ will make you  3. _______________  like a new person and become as  4. _______________  as a fiddle. Do you have a  5. _______________  problem? Have you  6. _______________  yourself go? Are you part of the widespread  7. _______________  epidemic? Do you  8. _______________ eat at night?  Have you got a spare  9. _______________? And I’m not talking about your car!

[Mechanical robot laughter.]

‘Experts say that the best route to weight loss and general fitness is, one: to  10. _______________ better; two:  11. _______________  your weight; three: hit the  12. _______________; and four:  13. _______________  more water. However, with the new and improved Slimotronic 2000™ you can get in  14. _______________  from the comfort of your favourite armchair, without altering your eating habits at all! Yes, with the incredible new Slimotronic 2000™ you can eat like a  15. _______________ and generally indulge in as much  16. _______________  food as you want – even get a  17. _______________  – all without  18. _______________  on the pounds! Sound too good to be true? Try the Slimotronic 2000™ risk-free today, and say goodbye to  19. _______________  diets and counting  20. _______________  for good! Your weight loss success story starts here, and it’s guaranteed* – with Slimotronic 2000™!’

*‘Your weight loss success story is not guaranteed. Terms and conditions apply.’

Images: Pixabay.com

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