Lesson 2.6 Shapes and Colours

2.6.1  The most common shapes. Translate them into your first language and learn them:

image-2-6-1a-most-common-shapes-1

image-2-6-1b-most-common-shapes-2

2.6.2  We can think about the size of shapes like this:

image-2-6-2-the-size-of-shapes-in-english

2.6.3  We can compare the shapes in the following way:

  1. Circle B is bigger / larger than circle C.
  1. Circle D is smaller than circle C.
  1. Circle A is the biggest / largest.
  1. Circle E is the smallest.

2.6.4  We can think about the position of shapes like this:

image-2-6-3-the-position-of-shapes

  1. Rectangle A is above rectangle C.
  1. Rectangle E is below rectangle C.
  1. Rectangle B is on the left of rectangle C. It is next to rectangle C.
  1. Rectangle D is on the right of rectangle C. It is next to rectangle C.
  1. Rectangle C is in the middle.
  1. Rectangle A is at the top.
  1. Rectangle E is at the bottom.

2.6.5  Here are the most common colours with their English names:

image-2-6-4-colours-in-english

2.6.6  We can use the words light and dark to make new colours. For example:

image-2-6-5-light-and-dark-colours

Exercises:

Ex. 2.6.1 Writing  Write the noun and adjective form of each shape in English:

image-2-6-6a-most-common-shapes-exercise-1

image-2-6-6b-most-common-shapes-exercise-2

Ex. 2.6.2 Writing  Write the name of each colour below:

image-2-6-7-colours-in-english-exercise

image-2-6-8-light-and-dark-colours-exercise

Ex. 2.6.3 Writing  Write 10 sentences in English to describe the picture, e.g.

There are two large pink squares.

There is a blue circle on the right.

image-2-6-9-colours-and-shapes-exercise-1

Ex. 2.6.4 Speaking & Listening  Look at the picture for 30 seconds, memorise it, then tell your partner what you remember. Get one point for each correct item. Then change roles:

image-2-6-10-colours-and-shapes-exercise-2

Ex. 2.6.5 Reading  Look at the picture above and say whether each statement is true or false:

  1. There is a green oval below the hexagon.
  2. There is a pink cube, but there aren’t any diamonds.
  3. The white cone is in the middle of the picture.
  4. The orange circle is next to the brown triangle.
  5. There are two hexagons and one is bigger than the other.
  6. There are three blue arrows.
  7. The small red square is above the white cone.
  8. The cross is smaller than the cube.
  9. There is a light yellow rectangle above a white heart.
  10. There are three brown lines.
  11. There are four green cylinders
  12. There is a light blue tick.
  13. The purple sphere is above the cylinders.
  14. There are two brown lines and two cream lines.
  15. There are three violet hexagons.
  16. The blue arrows are at the bottom of the picture.
  17. There is a white heart between an orange circle and a dark orange heart.
  18. There are two black cuboids.
  19. There are three navy blue hearts.
  20. There are nineteen different kinds of shape in the picture.

Ex. 2.6.6 Writing  List all the different shapes in the picture, say what colour they are, and say where they are in the picture. For example:

There is a light yellow rectangle at the top of the picture.

There are four green cylinders on the left of the picture.

image-2-6-11-writing-exercise-1

Ex. 2.6.7 Writing  Write 5 things that have each shape:

image-2-6-12-shapes-exercise

Ex. 2.6.8 Writing  Write 5 things with each colour:

image-2-6-13-colours-exercise

Ex. 2.6.9 Writing  Complete the sentences with colours:

  1. A plum is p____________.
  2. A tomato can be r____________ or g____________.
  3. A lettuce is g____________.
  4. The yolk of an egg is y____________.
  5. Printer paper is w____________.
  6. A tiger is o____________ and b____________.
  7. The leaves of most trees are g____________.
  8. An orange is o____________.
  9. A zebra is b____________ and w____________.
  10. On a hot day the sky is b____________.
  11. A banana is y____________.
  12. A spider is b____________.
  13. A police officer’s uniform can be n____________ b____________.
  14. A polar bear is w____________.
  15. A daffodil is y____________ and g____________.
  16. Mobile phones are usually b____________ or g____________.
  17. People often paint their living room walls b____________ or c____________.
  18. Jewellery is usually s____________ or g____________.
  19. A fire engine is r____________.
  20. People’s eyes can be b____________, g____________, g____________, b____________, or b____________.

Ex. 2.6.10 Writing  Colour blending. Write the name of each colour that results from blending two colours:

image-2-6-14a-colour-blending-exercise-1

image-2-6-14b-colour-blending-exercise-2

Ex. 2.6.11 Speaking and Listening  Discuss the following questions with a partner or small group:

  1. Which colour is the… a) most exciting, b) most boring, c) most relaxing, d) most positive, e) most negative, f) warmest, g) coldest.
  1. What is your favourite shape? Why? What is your least favourite shape? Why?
  1. What is your favourite colour? Why? What is your least favourite colour? Why?
  1. What shapes and colours have a special significance for you in your life. Tell me the stories connected with them.
  1. What do you associate with… a) red, b) blue, c) green, d) orange, e) yellow, f) black, g) white, …and continue with all the colours from p.XX?
  1. Are you good at mathematics? Did you learn all the different shapes at school? How many can you remember in your first language?
  1. Look around you and say what different shapes and colours you can see. Go into different rooms and write down the shapes and colours that you can see. What shapes occur most freqently? Which shape dominates? Why is that? Which shapes appear very rarely? Why?
  1. How many different fruits can you say that have different colours?
  1. What colour clothes and shoes do you prefer? Why? What colours do you never buy? What colours do your friends and family usually buy?
  1. How many colours are there in a rainbow? What are they?
  1. What shapes do you see when you go food shopping. What shapes are used in packaging? Why is each shape used for each product and not a different one?
  1. Do you prefer colour or black and white films and photography? Why? What are the good and bad points of each kind?

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