Tag Archives: learning English

Purland's Word of the Day! Haughty

Purland’s Word of the Day! Haughty

Purland’s Word of the Day! Haughty

Increase your word power with Purland’s Word of the Day!

Are you haughty? Do you know anybody who is haughty? Let’s hope not!

A haughty person is somebody who is proud and arrogant and acts in a disdainful and stuck-up manner. You get the feeling that they think they’re much better than you – and everybody else, for that matter.

If you are haughty you believe you are superior, but in reality you are just too big for your boots – you have too high an opinion of yourself and could be described as vain or even an egomaniac!

If you know anybody who is haughty – or if you are haughty – please tell us about it in the comments below!

‘Terry’s boss is so haughty. She storms around the office all day barking orders at people. It’s really not on!’

adverb: haughtily

abstract noun: haughtiness

opposite adjectives: humble, unassuming

sounds like: naughty (in British English), body (in American English)

tone: formal / literary English

stress: first syllable

origin: 16th century French

Images:  freestocks.org

FREE Worksheet! Grammar - Zacchaeus – Past Simple

FREE Worksheet! Grammar – Zacchaeus – Past Simple

Study the Holy Bible and improve your English at the same time with this free printable worksheet from PurlandTraining.com.

In this worksheet we’re focusing on the story of  Zacchaeus in Luke 19: 1-10. The key skill practised is: grammar. The lesson topic is: past simpleFull answers are included.

Note: this free worksheet is in the public domain, so you are welcome to download, copy, print, and share it. You can even sell it – e.g. in digital or print form – and keep all of the profits! Enjoy!

You can download the worksheet below, or click the direct download link:


FREE Worksheet! Grammar - Zacchaeus – Past Simple

Image: https://pixabay.com/

Minds matter: Psychology of language learning — Oxford University Press

‘It’s all in the mind!’ – How true when it comes to learning a foreign language. Every teacher knows that you can have the best resources in the world, but if the learner is not in the right frame of mind to engage with the new language and use the opportunities before them, then they…

via Minds matter: Psychology of language learning — Oxford University Press

Building Sentences with “is” and “are” — The ESOL Mentor Teacher

First Grade students will soon be working on “is” and “are”. It is particularly important for our English Learners to have extensive instruction on “is” and “are”, so I have created two sets of materials. These materials are also appropriate for newcomers and students struggling with verb agreement. The first set has sentence frames, singular […]

via Building Sentences with “is” and “are” — The ESOL Mentor Teacher

Digital Content in ELT – The Future is Now — World of Better Learning | Cambridge University Press

Luiz Rose discusses the use of digital content and online tools from the perspective of teachers, as well as students. He looks at the gains and potential problems of adopting technology in the classroom. The idea of a classroom full of students with print materials is gradually changing. More and more, teachers and students are……

via Digital Content in ELT – The Future is Now — World of Better Learning | Cambridge University Press

FREE Podcast! Episode 8 – Question Tags

Learn about how we use question tags in English. This episode is a really exciting grammar one, isn’t it? Yes, it is! Don’t forget to subscribe and leave a review on iTunes – thanks!


You can download the free lesson notes and six worksheets for practising question tags from here:

Podcast 8 – Lesson Notes – Question Tags (PDF)

Question Tags – Six Worksheets (PDF)

Answers to worksheets:

Question Tags Worksheets - Answers

7 facts about question tags:

  1. Statement – usually short – plus question tag, with a question mark.
  2. They are often used in spoken English.
  3. In many languages (e.g. Polish) we can use the equivalent of …yes? In English we can say: yes, yeah, right (Am/E), OK, got it, understand, but the tone can be rude and confrontational/angry; too direct; English is not a direct language; it sounds like an order, and we don’t like direct orders. (In Polish, use tak for checking and no nie or nie prawda for small talk (but this sounds old fashioned – old people say this), or no tag.)
  4. We can use any auxiliary verbs, including modal auxiliary verbs. Present simple can be confusing – you have to choose DO/DOES or BE. Also past simple: DID or WAS/WERE. We use contractions; in rhetorical speech we can say, Is it not? Were we not? etc.
  5. It is not as common with pronoun I. I’m… aren’t I? (This is an oddity – we can’t say am not I? amn’t I? There is no contraction for am not.)
  6. We can use them to sound sarcastic, e.g. ‘That was a great film, wasn’t it?’ My descending tone shows that I believe the opposite – it was not a great film.

They are more difficult to use than they look – because of the thought process…

The thought process of using question tags:

  1. Realise what tense it is

e.g. They’re meeting at ten, aren’t they? (present continuous)

  1. Realise what pronoun is used (e.g. two names become they) and match it

They … they

  1. Is it a singular or plural subject? They = plural
  2. Positive – negative; negative (even without not, e.g. never) – positive; do the opposite

They’re meeting… = positive, so the question tag has to be negative: …aren’t they

  1. Match the auxiliary verb – are > aren’t
  2. Understand the context: need info or checking/making small talk; intonation differs:

we are asking a question; we want an answer: information – voice goes up

we are sure that the listener agrees with us; something is obvious; we are just making (phatic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phatic_expression) conversation; we want a response that means a quick agreement – voice goes down

We need information – we’re making plans

Lesson Plan:

  1. SS write x short statements on the board – half of them positive and half negative
  2. T elicits how to gain information or check (small talk) – tak? Look at English options; elicit wrong register/tone; SS practise some sentences together with the wrong tone
  3. Try to elicit question tags; discuss the main points and the thought process
  4. SS complete one or more of the worksheets – check the answers

SS write their own sentences with question tags (or for homework)

Other forms:

  • Positive imperative: Stay here, will / won’t you?
  • Negative imperative: Don’t move, will you?
  • Let’s: Let’s go to the fair, shall we?
  • Need to: We need to return this form, don’t we?
  • There is/are: There’s a cow in that field, isn’t there?
  • There isn’t: There isn’t any jam left, is there?
  • Somebody is/isn’t: Somebody is late, aren’t they? / Somebody isn’t… are they?