Category Archives: Lessons

Fast Food and the Environment - Discussion Questions

Fast Food and the Environment – Discussion Questions (Part 2)

Discuss these questions with a partner or small group, or write down your answers:

1. Which option do you prefer and why?

a. restaurant food vs. home-cooked food?
b. supermarket vs. farmers’ market?
c. farmers’ market vs. home-grown food?
d. thermos flask vs. plastic drink cup?
e. new fast food place opening in your town vs. new library / school?
f. to do something yourself vs. to have it done for you?
g. to cook for yourself vs. to have food cooked for you

2. What does the phrase carbon neutral mean? What is the cost of recycling? Is it carbon neutral?

3. What is a carbon footprint? Do you know yours? If yes, how did you found out? If not, why not? Do you think it is necessary to know? Why do some businesses have bigger carbon footprints?

4. Which companies consume the most resources in the world? Why do they do it? Do we need them to do so?

5. What is the connection between fast food and deforestation? What is the solution?

6. In the future, will we be able to grow meat in a lab? Will this solve the problem of cutting down trees in order to make farmland for animals that are destined to be eaten as fast food?

7. Why are some people apathetic when it comes to the environment?

8. Are wind turbines effective in generating enough green power – or are they rather a blot on the landscape?

9. What effect does fast food have on… a) our societies, b) our town centres, c) our waistlines, d) our health, e) our wallets, f) the weather?

10. Is fast food harmful? Why is it legal to buy products that are bad for you? Should it be illegal to sell harmful products? Why do fast food companies target children in particular?

11. Does fast food need to be the same (uniform) all over the world? Is it?

12. What’s the point of eating a healthy meal / salad at a fast food chain? Do you do that? Why?

13. Does fast food tell us anything about the decline in Western culture in the 21st century? What?

14. What would happen if half of the fast food restaurants in the world closed down voluntarily?

15. Agree or disagree? ‘Why should I separate my rubbish at a fast food restaurant? I don’t want to feel like a member of staff. That’s their job! They should do it. I paid for my food.’

16. Why do people leave their used fast food wrappers in places of natural beauty, e.g. forests?

17. What are the dangers of consuming too much… a) salt, b) sugar, c) fat, d) meat, e) caffeine?

18. Agree or disagree? ‘You should never take more than you give.’ – Tim Rice, ‘Circle of Life’.

19. Agree or disagree? ‘When the last tree has been cut down, the last fish caught, the last river poisoned, only then will we realise that one cannot eat money.’ – Native American saying.

Fast Food and the Environment - Discussion Questions

Fast Food and the Environment – Discussion Questions (Part 1)

Discuss these questions with a partner or small group, or write down your answers:

1. What is fast food? Do you like fast food? Does fast food satisfy you? Why? / Why not?
What are the pros and cons of fast food? Is pizza fast food? Why? / Why not?

2. Do you live near a fast food restaurant? How often do you use it? What’s the difference between a fast food restaurant and a normal restaurant? Was there fast food 100 years ago? How did people manage without it?

3. Do we need fast food? What does it offer that other kinds of food cannot?

4. How do fast food chains impact on the environment? Consider:

a. land
b. agriculture
c. animals
d. transport
e. warehousing
f. energy
g. water
h. pollution

What is their carbon footprint, compared to other kinds of business? What are fast food chains doing to reduce their carbon footprint / impact on the environment?

5. How many fast food restaurants are there… a) in your town, b) in your country, c) in the world?

6. Why does the human body crave sugar and fat? Is it possible to be addicted to fast food?
What happens if we avoid junk food?

7. How many solar panels does it take to power one fast food restaurant?

8. Do you think the world would be a better place with more people and fewer trees? Why? / Why not? Is it a good thing that hot food is always freely available in our society? Has it always been that way? Is that true in every society?

9. Should there be stricter rules for corporations when it comes to impacting on the environment?

10. Which is better: localism or globalism? Why? What are the pros and cons of each?

11. Do humans need to eat meat… a) more than once a day, b) every day, c) every week, d) at all? Why?

12. Have vegetarians or vegans got it right when it comes to the environment? Why? / Why not? Have you ever seen a fast food outlet selling only healthy food? Would it be possible?

13. Would you like to work for a fast food chain? Why? What kind of salary would you receive?

14. Is deforestation ever a positive thing? Why? / Why not?

15. What is the difference between fast food and junk food?

16. When you eat at a fast food chain, do you segregate your rubbish after your meal? Should customers have to work or should an employee do this? Should we be able to take our own crockery and cutlery to fast food restaurants, to dramatically cut down on waste paper, card, and plastic – or should dishwashers be used? What would be the added cost of that?

17. Do fast food restaurants cause a litter problem? What can be done about it?

18. Do you believe that recycling makes a difference to the environment? Why? / Why not?
Why do we give our household recycling for free to companies which sell it to make a profit?

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations (Ordered by Preposition)

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations – 4 Free Worksheets and Podcast

Listen to the podcast and download the four brand new free printable adjective and preposition worksheets:

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations (Ordered by Preposition):

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations (A-Z List):

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations (A-Z List – Gap-Fill):

100 Adjective + Preposition Collocations – Patterns:

New resource books for teachers of English, ESL and EFL

FREE Podcast! Episode 25 – Two Great New Books for Teachers!

Listen to my book review of two new releases from Alphabet Publishing!

I review two brand new resource books for teachers from Alphabet Publishing:

Successful Group Work: 13 Activities to Teach Teamwork Skills – by Patrice Palmer:

http://www.alphabetpublishingbooks.com/book/successful-group-work/Successful Group Work - by Patrice Palmer

and Classroom Community Builders – by Walton Burns:

http://www.alphabetpublishingbooks.com/book/classroom-community-builders/Classroom Community Builders - by Walton Burns

Both books are out in July 2017, and you can get hold of them here:

http://www.alphabetpublishingbooks.com/

You can download my FREE book You Are The Course Book here:

http://purlandtraining.com/free-books/free-elt-book-you-are-the-course-book-by-matt-purland/

If you like this podcast, please subscribe and leave a comment on iTunes – thank you!

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Episode 18 - Learn 100 Common Irregular Verbs in English

FREE Teaching Podcast! Learn 100 Common Irregular Verbs in English

You can find the beautiful poetic infographic on irregular verbs here:

http://www.stordar.com/irregular-verbs/

Download the free podcast here:

Please write a review at iTunes and subscribe! Thank you! ❤

Grammar tips

Fun and Unusual Ways of Teaching English Grammar in Elementary School

Guest post by Jack Milgram from Custom-Writing.org blog:

Teachers and professors all around the world often develop new methods of teaching grammar to ESL and EFL children.

Why? Let’s be honest—grammar is one of the most boring school things.

Dozens of rules, massive texts, pointless exercises… Even many adults can’t interest themselves in these usual topics and repetitive tasks.

To find an easy way to learn English grammar, you should bring creativity and innovations into a teaching process.

Custom-Writing.org collected some excellent tips and games that will help you to vary grammar activities:

  1. Use technologies

When we talk about innovative ways of teaching English grammar, the first thing we remember is technologies.

It isn’t only children who can’t live without their smartphones and iPads, these devices have become an integral part of our lives as well. That’s why you should get benefits from children’s love for technologies.

Grammar teaching will become more interesting if you let children do the things they like.

For example, send students on devices pictures of famous characters from cartoons and fairy tales. Then, ask them to describe whose pictures did they get or make up a story about these characters.

This exercise will definitely interest children. Moreover, they couldn’t be distracted by apps or the internet while preparing their stories.

More grammar tips

  1. Learn songs and audio books

Listening is one of the significant parts of learning a language. Make sure, your grammar English lessons include audiobooks, songs, or podcasts.

Moreover, this is an excellent opportunity to make learning interesting!

All children like an emotional approach to teaching. Why not listen to the story of Tom Sawyer?

This novel is a perfect choice to teach English grammar to children and make their pronunciation perfect by asking them to repeat after the readers.

Songs help hundreds of teachers around the world to make students focus on grammar lessons. Singing aloud is a lot of fun, and even adult students like to participate in such an activity.

This activity is useful because it’s easier for our memory to keep songs than texts. You’ll see—even at the end of the semester, your students will still be able to remember quotes from the songs they listened to.

  1. Watch videos and cartoons

Perfect conditions to learn basic English grammar is when you know what hobbies children have and use them for teaching purposes.

For example, you can know what cartoons are popular among the children and show them some fragments from them. Nowadays, there are a lot of short cartoons which are full of interesting vocabulary and easy to learn.

But usually, English grammar lessons in elementary school don’t last long. That’s why short YouTube videos can be perfect to use.

One of the best choices is Schoolhouse Rock! cartoons. Look at this short video about conjunctions in the English language. Children will be sure to like it!

  1. Use the Internet

How to learn English easily? The answer is—play a lot!

And the Internet can help you with this approach. There are lots of websites with ESL and EFL games which are absorbing and useful at the same time.

There is a great diversity of fun games to learn English—word search, crosswords, puzzles, and so on. These activities will not only help you with grammar but also improve your analytical and logical skills.

If your students don’t have access to computers—teach them what apps to download on their smartphones to develop language skills.

You can even make a competition between students. Make two or four teams and find out who can complete a grammar game in the shortest time.

  1. Play instead of studying

Grammar English games are important for learning, especially, when the learners are kids.

If you need to get children’s attention, use some activities in English teaching.

Custom-Writing.org prepared a list of games and activities which are easy to play in a classroom:

  • Hangman

Short and fun activity for grammar and spelling improvement. Everyone knows how to play this game—but how we can use it in the sake of learning? Ask children to guess difficult words to practice spelling of new vocabulary.

  • This weekend I…

Sometimes, it’s difficult to keep students’ attention. These times, you can start one interesting game which will help you to keep children focused and challenge their memory. Start the games with “This weekend I… rode a bicycle and…” The task of students to repeat the said sentence and continue it with a new action. The game lasts until one of the students forget a part of a long sentence.

  • Call my bluff

You can also play one of fun activities for ESL students–the game Call my bluff. Just ask students to write down three sentences—two of them must be true, and one must be a lie. Other students try to guess which one is false. This game is great to know each other and also helps to train syntax and conjugation.

  • No, I don’t

Another game from grammar practice activities is called No, I don’t. The task is to ask a teacher or other students questions. They get a point when the answer is “No, I don’t,” and no points when the answer is “Yes, I do.” The most interesting part in this game is when students imagine absurd questions like “Do you live on a tree?” or “Did you ever visit the Moon?”

Elementary grammar lessons shouldn’t be boring! It’s possible to turn any topic into a game—you just need to find the right approach.

To find more study tips visit the Custom-Writing.org blog—you’ll know how to study productively or how to choose a major.

Jack MilgramJack Milgram graduated from the University of Central Florida and can currently be found in his hometown of Jersey City, NJ. He has never found sitting in an office appealing, and that’s why freelancing was his career solution. He enjoys sharing his knowledge with others through blogging.

 

Using Castle on the Hill by Ed Sheeran to Teach English Grammar

In this podcast we explore using the popular song Castle on the Hill by Ed Sheeran in an English class. We look at the use of tenses in the song – especially past simple, used to/would + infinitive, and present perfect.

You can watch the video for Castle on the Hill below and read the lyrics here:

The questions that I wrote on the board:

Board Questions

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