Teaching and Learning: The role of Learning Theory
a) Translate fifteen phrasal verbs connected with diet and fitness below. Read the dialogue then complete each gap with the correct form of one of the phrasal verbs:
Doreen is talking to her good friend Barbara at a bus stop:
Doreen: ‘You know, Bar, I just can’t seem to 1. _______________. It doesn’t matter what I do. I 2. _______________ for that gym in December, the one that I told you about, and I’ve been 3. _______________ there really intensively, you know, to try and 4. _______________ the calories – honest! – but it’s just no use. When I get home from work there’s my husband Bazza tucking into a lovely chicken sandwich, and I can’t help but join him. After that I might fill up on crisps and popcorn, then in the evening I’ll probably 5. _______________ a few more chicken sandwiches in the kitchen… It’s no wonder that I 6. _______________ weight, is it, Bar?’
Barbara: ‘I don’t know. Maybe you’re just big-boned. Do you still 7. _______________ at different restaurants every weekend?’
Doreen: ‘Yes, but I always mean to have the healthy option. You know, I can’t help wolfing down a delicious plate of chicken and chips and then 8. _______________ a huge cake for pudding.’
Barbara: ‘You know, you mustn’t pig out, Doreen! How many times do I need to tell you? It’s no good for your body. You know, you’ve got to cut back on your food, right, and 9. _______________ your calorific intake.’
Doreen: ‘You what, Bar?’
Barbara: ‘Try to 10. _______________ the fatty food and sweets for a few weeks, and 11. _______________ the crisps for good. Have you thought about 12. _______________ jogging? That would help you to 13. _______________ the calories in a controlled kind of way.’
Doreen: ‘I did try that once – with Bazza. We were exhausted after a few hundred metres and walked to the nearest pub, where we met some pals and 14. _______________ a few drinks – and the landlady 15. _______________ a fabulous chicken pie…!’
b) Find five more phrasal verbs connected with eating in the text. Translate them and write two sentences with each phrasal verb.
a) 1. slim down. 2. signed up. 3. working out. 4. burn off. 5. knock up. 6. put on. 7. eat out. 8. putting away. 9. cut down. 10. cut out. 11. give up. 12. taking up. 13. work off. 14. knocked back. 15. dished up.
b) tuck into; fill up on; wolf down; pig out; cut back. Answers will vary.
LEAN into your ESL STRENGTHS
Learning to Learn in the Primary Classroom | Q&A with Erika Osváth
When somebody says this idiom to you they usually mean that you are one of a kind, unique, and an incredibly special kind of person. There is nobody else like you, because after you were created the mould that you came out of was broken to make sure that no more yous could be made. (Think moulds in a factory mass-producing something. In American English it is spelled mold.)
So the meaning is often positive and may be used in a romantic situation or to flatter somebody by telling them how great they are. However, it can also have a negative meaning due to the ambiguity of the word when. If when means ‘while’ or ‘at the time of’ making you, then the meaning is positive, but if when means ‘after’ making you, the meaning is negative, e.g. ‘they broke the mould deliberately so that no more yous could be created – because I/we don’t like you.’
We can also use this idiom sarcastically, when somebody makes a trivial mistake or says something a bit silly, to point out that we think they are original or unusual – not run-of-the-mill. Not normal.
It’s rather an old-fashioned idiom, so we might expect an older person to use it. It may be used as a quite corny chat-up line. A bit like this line: ‘Are you sure you aren’t tired?’ ‘Why? ‘Because you’ve been running through my mind all day!’
On a first date:
Jemima: I’m so glad you invited me to this party.
Alan: I’m so happy you said yes! You know, Jemima – they broke the mould when they made you!
Jemima: Oh don’t be silly. (Pause) Really?
Frida: My boss has been on my back all morning about the Jensen account. What a dork!
Olga: He’s always on your case! What an odd guy he is. Sad, really. You know, they really broke the mould when they made him.
Frida: I hope they did!
Tom: I’ve just realised that today is Wednesday, not Tuesday! I’ve spent all day thinking it was Tuesday! What an idiot!
Ida: What are you like! You know, they really broke the mould when they made you!
Learn Days, Months, and Seasons – with Matt Purland.
In this podcast we learn the vocabulary for days, months, and seasons, and practise the correct pronunciation.
Listen and download the free MP3 lesson: Days, Months, and Seasons (5 MB, Google Drive)
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Learn about family vocabulary, question forms, pronouns, and much more!
Listen and download the free MP3 lesson: Unit 4 is Now Online! (15 MB, Google Drive)
I talk about the latest unit to be added to our free Elementary English Course – Unit 4.0 – Family. Click below to go there now:
The lesson topics are:
4.0 Family (Introduction)
4.1 Wh- Questions
4.2 Yes / No Questions
4.4 Describing People
4.5 Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous
4.6 Auxiliary Verbs
4.7 Punctuation Marks
Whether you are a teacher or learner of English, I hope you will find this wealth of easy-to-read material helpful and a great reference source.
There are also plenty of exercises to get you thinking – along with a complete answer pack, so you can check your answers.
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When I started reading some of the tweets on this recent trending topic on Twitter, I knew that I had to share them with you! If you are interested in understanding the true character of English people (which is an awkward combination of shyness, embarrassment, and self-righteousness) check out this hashtag to learn more about our quirky ways!
Click below to listen to the podcast and hear my commentary of the following top ten tweets. Don’t forget to watch the video and like Purland Training on Facebook!
Listen and download the free MP3 lesson: Hashtag Englishness (22 MB, Google Drive)
There is more free material on the topic of Englishness – including podcasts and videos – here:
- Helpful Notices – Englishness
- Englishness – Are You English? Quiz
- What does it mean to be English? (Discussion Words)
Accidentally making eye contact with someone who’s at your bus stop every day, and having to move house to avoid seeing them again.
— Suze Likes Cake (@SuzeLikesCake) January 18, 2018
Sitting in a hospital and complaining about the wait, then when they apologise for the delay you say “that’s fine I haven’t been waiting long”#verybritishoffences
— bryan fogg (@bryan_fogg) January 18, 2018
#VeryBritishOffences When the doctor walks in and says hello & how are you and you say oh I’m fine thanks.
— Rishabh Sharma (@im_srishabh21) January 18, 2018
— Karl® (@BarelyKarl) January 18, 2018
When you realise you have walked too far and pretend to look into a shop window before turning round. #VeryBritishOffences
— Gareth Thomas (@gareththomas172) January 18, 2018
Not answering “How are you?” With “Fine.” And instead telling the person about all the things wrong with your life. #VeryBritishOffences
— skyejoneswords (@skyejromance) January 18, 2018
Finally, here’s my contribution to the hashtag:
#verybritishoffences Avoiding the Quiet Coach on the train because you know you can’t deal with the excruciating awkwardness that happens when somebody inevitably talks a bit too loudly
— Purland Training ELT (@purlandtraining) January 18, 2018